Clinical Trials are research studies that evaluate surgical, medical or behavioural intervention, where researchers find if a certain treatment like drug or medicine is effective in people. In short these clinical trials are taken to learn whether a new treatment/drug is effective or will cause harmful effects in the human body. Some clinical tests will detect diseases, others will prevent health problems. Clinical trials determine how a new
intervention will work in a human body.
Clinical Trials are important to diagnose a certain disease, discover new treatments and also reduce the chance of developing the disease. It also depicts what works and what does not work in humans that cannot be learned in the laboratory. Through Clinical Trials many interventions are developed that enable people to lead a healthy life or live with less pain. Clinical trials go through well-defined phrases that ensure safety in all its stages.
Clinical Trials are said to provide information on the cost-effectiveness of a treatment. It also gives clinical value of a diagnostic test and depicts how a treatment can improve the quality of life. In Clinical Trials, comparison will be conducted between a new medical approach with a standard one which is available already. Some will compare interventions that are already available. Whenever a new drug or a new approach is introduced, trials are conducted whether the drug is effective, safe or harmful. The effectiveness of the drug/ treatment will be tested by measuring the certain outcomes in the patients. It also provides some valuable
information like benefits, safety about a therapy and also while choosing treatments it offers reliable information to the doctors and patients.
Clinical Trials are an integral part of drug development. It is also an essential aspect of public health as it gives rise to many innovative scientific advances. Clinical trials have led to many discoveries and breakthroughs in disease prevention and treatments thereby saving millions of lives.